Как решить эту ошибку ядра при запуске ОС?

Я только что установил новый ноутбук Ubuntu 12.04.5 на ноутбуке Dell, у меня было 14.04, но, поскольку я действительно люблю стабильность 12.04, я решил вернуться к нему.

У меня есть Windows, рядом с которой у меня есть способ сохранить гарантию на ноутбук как-то.

Итак, я использовал 14.04 без каких-либо проблем, но теперь, когда я только что установил первую загрузку, я вижу это сразу после появления стартового экрана Ubuntu:

введите описание изображения здесь

Так как я могу это решить? Что-то странное, что я могу заметить, это то, что я не вижу никакого экрана GRUB при запуске, но он подходит к этому пурпурному экрану запуска Ubuntu, а затем появится черный экран с журналом ошибок.

Это вывод lshw :

 PCI (sysfs) ubuntu description: Portable Computer product: Inspiron 5548 (Inspiron 5548) vendor: Winbond Electronics version: A03 serial: 9G6XX32 width: 64 bits capabilities: smbios-2.7 dmi-2.7 ldt16 vsyscall32 configuration: administrator_password=disabled boot=normal chassis=portable sku=Inspiron 5548 uuid=44454C4C-4700-1036-8058-B9C04F583332 *-core description: Motherboard product: 079JDM vendor: Winbond Electronics physical id: 0 version: A00 serial: .9G6XX32.CN1296654T012D. slot: Type2 - Board Chassis Location *-firmware description: BIOS vendor: Winbond Electronics physical id: 0 version: A03 date: 01/23/2015 size: 128KiB capacity: 6080KiB capabilities: pci pnp upgrade shadowing cdboot bootselect edd int13floppynec int13floppytoshiba int13floppy360 int13floppy1200 int13floppy720 int13floppy2880 int5printscreen int9keyboard int14serial int17printer int10video acpi usb smartbattery biosbootspecification *-cpu description: CPU product: Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-5500U CPU @ 2.40GHz vendor: Intel Corp. physical id: 4 bus info: cpu@0 version: Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-5500U CPU @ 2.40GHz serial: To Be Filled By OEM slot: U3E1 size: 500MHz capacity: 3GHz width: 64 bits clock: 100MHz capabilities: x86-64 fpu fpu_exception wp vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx pdpe1gb rdtscp constant_tsc arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good nopl xtopology nonstop_tsc aperfmperf eagerfpu pni pclmulqdq dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 fma cx16 xtpr pdcm pcid sse4_1 sse4_2 x2apic movbe popcnt tsc_deadline_timer aes xsave avx f16c rdrand lahf_lm abm 3dnowprefetch ida arat epb xsaveopt pln pts dtherm tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid fsgsbase tsc_adjust bmi1 avx2 smep bmi2 erms invpcid rdseed adx smap cpufreq configuration: cores=2 enabledcores=2 threads=4 *-cache:0 description: L1 cache physical id: 6 slot: L1 Cache size: 32KiB capacity: 32KiB capabilities: synchronous internal write-back instruction *-cache:1 description: L2 cache physical id: 7 slot: L2 Cache size: 256KiB capacity: 256KiB capabilities: synchronous internal write-back unified *-cache:2 description: L3 cache physical id: 8 slot: L3 Cache size: 4MiB capacity: 4MiB capabilities: synchronous internal write-back unified *-cache description: L1 cache physical id: 5 slot: L1 Cache size: 32KiB capacity: 32KiB capabilities: synchronous internal write-back data *-memory description: System Memory physical id: 1f slot: System board or motherboard size: 8GiB *-bank:0 description: SODIMM DDR3 Synchronous 1600 MHz (0.6 ns) product: 8KTF51264HZ-1G6N1 vendor: Micron physical id: 0 serial: 14577691 slot: ChannelA-DIMM0 size: 4GiB width: 64 bits clock: 1600MHz (0.6ns) *-bank:1 description: SODIMM DDR3 Synchronous 1600 MHz (0.6 ns) product: 8KTF51264HZ-1G6N1 vendor: Micron physical id: 1 serial: 14577705 slot: ChannelB-DIMM0 size: 4GiB width: 64 bits clock: 1600MHz (0.6ns) *-pci description: Host bridge product: Intel Corporation vendor: Intel Corporation physical id: 100 bus info: pci@0000:00:00.0 version: 09 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz *-display description: VGA compatible controller product: Intel Corporation vendor: Intel Corporation physical id: 2 bus info: pci@0000:00:02.0 version: 09 width: 64 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: msi pm vga_controller bus_master cap_list rom configuration: driver=i915 latency=0 resources: irq:68 memory:d0000000-d0ffffff memory:c0000000-cfffffff ioport:5000(size=64) *-multimedia:0 description: Audio device product: Intel Corporation vendor: Intel Corporation physical id: 3 bus info: pci@0000:00:03.0 version: 09 width: 64 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm msi pciexpress bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=snd_hda_intel latency=0 resources: irq:16 memory:d2310000-d2313fff *-usb:0 description: USB controller product: Intel Corporation vendor: Intel Corporation physical id: 14 bus info: pci@0000:00:14.0 version: 03 width: 64 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm msi xhci bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=xhci_hcd latency=0 resources: irq:62 memory:d2300000-d230ffff *-communication description: Communication controller product: Intel Corporation vendor: Intel Corporation physical id: 16 bus info: pci@0000:00:16.0 version: 03 width: 64 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm msi bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=mei_me latency=0 resources: irq:65 memory:d231b000-d231b01f *-multimedia:1 description: Audio device product: Intel Corporation vendor: Intel Corporation physical id: 1b bus info: pci@0000:00:1b.0 version: 03 width: 64 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm msi bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=snd_hda_intel latency=64 resources: irq:67 memory:d2314000-d2317fff *-pci:0 description: PCI bridge product: Intel Corporation vendor: Intel Corporation physical id: 1c bus info: pci@0000:00:1c.0 version: e3 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pci pciexpress msi pm normal_decode bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=pcieport resources: irq:58 *-pci:1 description: PCI bridge product: Intel Corporation vendor: Intel Corporation physical id: 1c.2 bus info: pci@0000:00:1c.2 version: e3 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pci pciexpress msi pm normal_decode bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=pcieport resources: irq:59 ioport:4000(size=4096) memory:d2200000-d22fffff ioport:d2000000(size=1048576) *-network description: Ethernet interface product: RTL8101E/RTL8102E PCI Express Fast Ethernet controller vendor: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. physical id: 0 bus info: pci@0000:02:00.0 logical name: eth0 version: 07 serial: 44:a8:42:e5:56:7c size: 10Mbit/s capacity: 100Mbit/s width: 64 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm msi pciexpress msix vpd bus_master cap_list ethernet physical tp mii 10bt 10bt-fd 100bt 100bt-fd autonegotiation configuration: autonegotiation=on broadcast=yes driver=r8169 driverversion=2.3LK-NAPI duplex=half latency=0 link=no multicast=yes port=MII speed=10Mbit/s resources: irq:64 ioport:4000(size=256) memory:d2200000-d2200fff memory:d2000000-d2003fff *-pci:2 description: PCI bridge product: Intel Corporation vendor: Intel Corporation physical id: 1c.3 bus info: pci@0000:00:1c.3 version: e3 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pci pciexpress msi pm normal_decode bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=pcieport resources: irq:60 memory:d2100000-d21fffff *-network description: Wireless interface product: Wireless 3160 vendor: Intel Corporation physical id: 0 bus info: pci@0000:03:00.0 logical name: wlan0 version: 83 serial: f4:06:69:8b:a8:df width: 64 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm msi pciexpress bus_master cap_list ethernet physical wireless configuration: broadcast=yes driver=iwlwifi driverversion=3.13.0-32-generic firmware=22.24.8.0 ip=192.168.1.100 latency=0 link=yes multicast=yes wireless=IEEE 802.11abgn resources: irq:66 memory:d2100000-d2101fff *-pci:3 description: PCI bridge product: Intel Corporation vendor: Intel Corporation physical id: 1c.4 bus info: pci@0000:00:1c.4 version: e3 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pci pciexpress msi pm normal_decode bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=pcieport resources: irq:61 ioport:3000(size=4096) memory:d1000000-d1ffffff ioport:b0000000(size=268435456) *-display UNCLAIMED description: Display controller product: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] vendor: Hynix Semiconductor (Hyundai Electronics) physical id: 0 bus info: pci@0000:04:00.0 version: 00 width: 64 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm pciexpress msi cap_list configuration: latency=0 resources: memory:b0000000-bfffffff memory:d1000000-d103ffff ioport:3000(size=256) memory:d1040000-d105ffff *-usb:1 description: USB controller product: Intel Corporation vendor: Intel Corporation physical id: 1d bus info: pci@0000:00:1d.0 version: 03 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: pm debug ehci bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=ehci-pci latency=0 resources: irq:23 memory:d2319000-d23193ff *-isa description: ISA bridge product: Intel Corporation vendor: Intel Corporation physical id: 1f bus info: pci@0000:00:1f.0 version: 03 width: 32 bits clock: 33MHz capabilities: isa bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=lpc_ich latency=0 resources: irq:0 *-storage description: SATA controller product: Intel Corporation vendor: Intel Corporation physical id: 1f.2 bus info: pci@0000:00:1f.2 version: 03 width: 32 bits clock: 66MHz capabilities: storage msi pm ahci_1.0 bus_master cap_list configuration: driver=ahci latency=0 resources: irq:63 ioport:5088(size=8) ioport:5094(size=4) ioport:5080(size=8) ioport:5090(size=4) ioport:5060(size=32) memory:d2318000-d23187ff *-serial UNCLAIMED description: SMBus product: Intel Corporation vendor: Intel Corporation physical id: 1f.3 bus info: pci@0000:00:1f.3 version: 03 width: 64 bits clock: 33MHz configuration: latency=0 resources: memory:d231a000-d231a0ff ioport:5040(size=32) *-scsi:0 physical id: 1 logical name: scsi0 capabilities: emulated *-disk description: ATA Disk product: ST1000LM014-1EJ1 vendor: Seagate physical id: 0.0.0 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0 logical name: /dev/sda version: DEMB serial: W382ZY1K size: 931GiB (1TB) capabilities: gpt-1.00 partitioned partitioned:gpt configuration: ansiversion=5 guid=43f7b361-e7dd-4c94-b8a4-87a1fb57f286 *-volume:0 description: Windows FAT volume vendor: MSDOS5.0 physical id: 1 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,1 logical name: /dev/sda1 version: FAT32 serial: ce75-a3e7 size: 495MiB capacity: 499MiB capabilities: boot fat initialized configuration: FATs=2 filesystem=fat name=EFI system partition *-volume:1 description: Windows FAT volume vendor: MSDOS5.0 physical id: 2 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,2 logical name: /dev/sda2 version: FAT32 serial: 90e8-52e3 size: 15MiB capacity: 39MiB capabilities: precious readonly hidden nomount fat initialized configuration: FATs=2 filesystem=fat name=Basic data partition *-volume:2 description: Windows reserved partition physical id: 3 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,3 logical name: /dev/sda3 serial: 2fcd06b3-9aee-4e34-918e-a4b012138316 capacity: 127MiB capabilities: nofs configuration: name=Microsoft reserved partition *-volume:3 description: Windows NTFS volume physical id: 4 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,4 logical name: /dev/sda4 version: 3.1 serial: aceb-6180 size: 720MiB capacity: 749MiB capabilities: precious readonly hidden nomount ntfs initialized configuration: clustersize=4096 created=2015-04-29 18:18:40 filesystem=ntfs label=WINRETOOLS modified_by_chkdsk=true mounted_on_nt4=true name=Basic data partition resize_log_file=true state=dirty upgrade_on_mount=true *-volume:4 description: Windows NTFS volume physical id: 5 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,5 logical name: /dev/sda5 version: 3.1 serial: 162ec8d8-0675-6d46-a725-d70f394493d1 size: 466GiB capacity: 466GiB capabilities: ntfs initialized configuration: clustersize=4096 created=2015-04-29 18:18:49 filesystem=ntfs label=OS name=Basic data partition state=clean *-volume:5 description: EXT4 volume vendor: Linux physical id: 6 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,6 logical name: /dev/sda6 version: 1.0 serial: 74fa39ea-06d3-4539-a96c-9946e3a4b80f size: 146GiB capabilities: journaled extended_attributes large_files huge_files dir_nlink extents ext4 ext2 initialized configuration: created=2015-08-17 05:02:33 filesystem=ext4 lastmountpoint=/ modified=2015-08-17 05:18:18 mounted=2015-08-17 05:26:37 name=Basic data partition state=clean *-volume:6 description: Windows NTFS volume physical id: 7 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,7 logical name: /dev/sda7 version: 3.1 serial: 94751caa-e0ab-8746-8cfe-a0d8bc72dc76 size: 309GiB capacity: 309GiB capabilities: ntfs initialized configuration: clustersize=4096 created=2015-07-24 10:54:38 filesystem=ntfs label=DATA modified_by_chkdsk=true mounted_on_nt4=true name=Basic data partition resize_log_file=true state=dirty upgrade_on_mount=true *-volume:7 description: Windows NTFS volume physical id: 8 bus info: scsi@0:0.0.0,8 logical name: /dev/sda8 version: 3.1 serial: 7457-ed72 size: 7836MiB capacity: 7844MiB capabilities: precious readonly hidden nomount ntfs initialized configuration: clustersize=4096 created=2015-04-29 20:09:04 filesystem=ntfs label=PBR Image modified_by_chkdsk=true mounted_on_nt4=true name=Microsoft recovery partition resize_log_file=true state=dirty upgrade_on_mount=true *-scsi:1 physical id: 2 bus info: usb@2:1 logical name: scsi3 capabilities: emulated scsi-host configuration: driver=usb-storage *-disk description: SCSI Disk physical id: 0.0.0 bus info: scsi@3:0.0.0 logical name: /dev/sdb size: 14GiB (15GB) capabilities: partitioned partitioned:dos configuration: signature=d1b1ac36 *-volume description: Windows FAT volume vendor: SYSLINUX physical id: 1 bus info: scsi@3:0.0.0,1 logical name: /dev/sdb1 logical name: /cdrom version: FAT32 serial: d47c-f2ce size: 14GiB capacity: 14GiB capabilities: primary bootable fat initialized configuration: FATs=2 filesystem=fat mount.fstype=vfat mount.options=ro,noatime,fmask=0022,dmask=0022,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,errors=remount-ro state=mounted *-scsi:2 physical id: 3 bus info: usb@2:7 logical name: scsi4 capabilities: emulated scsi-host configuration: driver=rts5139 *-disk description: SCSI Disk product: xD/SD/MS vendor: Generic- physical id: 0.0.0 bus info: scsi@4:0.0.0 logical name: /dev/sdc version: 1.00 serial: 3 capabilities: removable *-medium physical id: 0 logical name: /dev/sdc *-battery product: DELL VVMKC53K vendor: SDI physical id: 1 slot: Sys. Battery Bay capacity: 39000mWh configuration: voltage=11.4V *-power UNCLAIMED description: OEM Define 1 product: OEM Define 5 vendor: OEM Define 2 physical id: 2 version: OEM Define 6 serial: OEM Define 3 capacity: 75mWh 

Попытайтесь полностью отключить Intel Rapid Start и Secure Boot и попробовать его из BIOS, если у вас установлена ​​предварительно установленная 64-разрядная версия Windows 8 с UEFI, поскольку она предварительно установлена ​​и вам также требуется 64-разрядная ubuntu, попробуй это

https://askubuntu.com/questions/221835/installing-ubuntu-on-a-pre-installed-windows-8-64-bit-system-uefi-supported