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SOLVED: Ошибка Useradd: useradd: невозможно заблокировать / etc / passwd; повторите попытку позже

Когда я пытаюсь добавить пользователя или удалить пользователя, как root, я получаю следующую ошибку:

useradd: невозможно заблокировать / etc / passwd; Попробуйте позже.

После просмотра многих сообщений у меня нет никаких обычных подозреваемых:

Нет файлов блокировки.

[root@r6 /]# ls -al /etc/*.lock ls: cannot access /etc/*.lock: No such file or directory 

Корень не заполнен

/ dev / sda1 40G 6.0G 32G 16% /

Иноды не полны

 [root@r6 /]# df -i /etc Filesystem Inodes IUsed IFree IUse% Mounted on /dev/sda1 2621440 68931 2552509 3% / 

Корень монтируется RW

/ dev / sda1 on / type ext4 (rw)

В той же заметке я не могу скопировать / etc / shadow или / etc / passwd в / etc

Например:

 [root@r6 /]# cp /etc/passwd /etc/passwd.8122015 cp: cannot create regular file `/etc/passwd.8122015': Permission denied 

Я выполняю все эти команды как root. Я вошел в сервер и sudo su-.

Любая помощь будет большой. Я боролся с этим весь день.

strace -o / root / blah -ff useradd gmiller

cat /root/blah.30644

 execve("/usr/sbin/useradd", ["useradd", "gmiller"], [/* 21 vars */]) = 0 brk(0) = 0x7f0388d2b000 mmap(NULL, 4096, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7f03878df000 access("/etc/ld.so.preload", R_OK) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory) open("/etc/ld.so.cache", O_RDONLY) = 3 fstat(3, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0644, st_size=39702, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 39702, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, 3, 0) = 0x7f03878d5000 close(3) = 0 open("/lib64/libaudit.so.1", O_RDONLY) = 3 read(3, "\177ELF\2\1\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\3\0>\0\1\0\0\0\20( r5\0\0\0"..., 832) = 832 fstat(3, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0755, st_size=144208, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 2236976, PROT_READ|PROT_EXEC, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_DENYWRITE, 3, 0) = 0x7f038749e000 mprotect(0x7f03874b5000, 2097152, PROT_NONE) = 0 mmap(0x7f03876b5000, 49152, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_FIXED|MAP_DENYWRITE, 3, 0x17000) = 0x7f03876b5000 close(3) = 0 open("/lib64/libselinux.so.1", O_RDONLY) = 3 read(3, "\177ELF\2\1\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\3\0>\0\1\0\0\0\320X\240q5\0\0\0"..., 832) = 832 fstat(3, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0755, st_size=124624, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 2221912, PROT_READ|PROT_EXEC, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_DENYWRITE, 3, 0) = 0x7f038727f000 mprotect(0x7f038729c000, 2093056, PROT_NONE) = 0 mmap(0x7f038749b000, 8192, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_FIXED|MAP_DENYWRITE, 3, 0x1c000) = 0x7f038749b000 mmap(0x7f038749d000, 1880, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_FIXED|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7f038749d000 close(3) = 0 open("/lib64/libacl.so.1", O_RDONLY) = 3 read(3, "\177ELF\2\1\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\3\0>\0\1\0\0\0\200\36 w5\0\0\0"..., 832) = 832 fstat(3, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0755, st_size=33816, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 4096, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7f03878d4000 mmap(NULL, 2126416, PROT_READ|PROT_EXEC, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_DENYWRITE, 3, 0) = 0x7f0387077000 mprotect(0x7f038707e000, 2093056, PROT_NONE) = 0 mmap(0x7f038727d000, 8192, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_FIXED|MAP_DENYWRITE, 3, 0x6000) = 0x7f038727d000 close(3) = 0 open("/lib64/libc.so.6", O_RDONLY) = 3 read(3, "\177ELF\2\1\1\3\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\3\0>\0\1\0\0\0p\356!p5\0\0\0"..., 832) = 832 fstat(3, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0755, st_size=1926800, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 3750152, PROT_READ|PROT_EXEC, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_DENYWRITE, 3, 0) = 0x7f0386ce3000 mprotect(0x7f0386e6d000, 2097152, PROT_NONE) = 0 mmap(0x7f038706d000, 20480, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_FIXED|MAP_DENYWRITE, 3, 0x18a000) = 0x7f038706d000 mmap(0x7f0387072000, 18696, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_FIXED|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7f0387072000 close(3) = 0 open("/lib64/libdl.so.2", O_RDONLY) = 3 read(3, "\177ELF\2\1\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\3\0>\0\1\0\0\0\340\r\240p5\0\0\0"..., 832) = 832 fstat(3, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0755, st_size=22536, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 2109696, PROT_READ|PROT_EXEC, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_DENYWRITE, 3, 0) = 0x7f0386adf000 mprotect(0x7f0386ae1000, 2097152, PROT_NONE) = 0 mmap(0x7f0386ce1000, 8192, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_FIXED|MAP_DENYWRITE, 3, 0x2000) = 0x7f0386ce1000 close(3) = 0 open("/lib64/libattr.so.1", O_RDONLY) = 3 read(3, "\177ELF\2\1\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\3\0>\0\1\0\0\0\200\23\340t5\0\0\0"..., 832) = 832 fstat(3, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0755, st_size=21152, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 4096, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7f03878d3000 mmap(NULL, 2113888, PROT_READ|PROT_EXEC, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_DENYWRITE, 3, 0) = 0x7f03868da000 mprotect(0x7f03868de000, 2093056, PROT_NONE) = 0 mmap(0x7f0386add000, 8192, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_FIXED|MAP_DENYWRITE, 3, 0x3000) = 0x7f0386add000 close(3) = 0 mmap(NULL, 4096, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7f03878d2000 mmap(NULL, 8192, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7f03878d0000 arch_prctl(ARCH_SET_FS, 0x7f03878d07a0) = 0 mprotect(0x7f0386add000, 4096, PROT_READ) = 0 mprotect(0x7f0386ce1000, 4096, PROT_READ) = 0 mprotect(0x7f038706d000, 16384, PROT_READ) = 0 mprotect(0x7f038727d000, 4096, PROT_READ) = 0 mprotect(0x7f038749b000, 4096, PROT_READ) = 0 mprotect(0x7f03876b5000, 4096, PROT_READ) = 0 mprotect(0x7f0387af9000, 4096, PROT_READ) = 0 mprotect(0x7f03878e0000, 4096, PROT_READ) = 0 munmap(0x7f03878d5000, 39702) = 0 statfs("/selinux", {f_type=0xf97cff8c, f_bsize=4096, f_blocks=0, f_bfree=0, f_bavail=0, f_files=0, f_ffree=0, f_fsid={0, 0}, f_namelen=255, f_frsize=4096}) = 0 statfs("/selinux", {f_type=0xf97cff8c, f_bsize=4096, f_blocks=0, f_bfree=0, f_bavail=0, f_files=0, f_ffree=0, f_fsid={0, 0}, f_namelen=255, f_frsize=4096}) = 0 stat("/selinux", {st_mode=S_IFDIR|0755, st_size=0, ...}) = 0 brk(0) = 0x7f0388d2b000 brk(0x7f0388d4c000) = 0x7f0388d4c000 socket(PF_NETLINK, SOCK_RAW, 9) = 3 fcntl(3, F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC) = 0 open("/usr/lib/locale/locale-archive", O_RDONLY) = 4 fstat(4, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0644, st_size=99158576, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 99158576, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, 4, 0) = 0x7f0380a49000 close(4) = 0 open("/proc/sys/kernel/ngroups_max", O_RDONLY) = 4 read(4, "65536\n", 31) = 6 close(4) = 0 mmap(NULL, 528384, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7f038784f000 access("/etc/shadow", F_OK) = 0 access("/etc/gshadow", F_OK) = 0 open("/etc/default/useradd", O_RDONLY) = 4 fstat(4, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0600, st_size=119, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 4096, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7f03878de000 read(4, "# useradd defaults file\nGROUP=10"..., 4096) = 119 socket(PF_LOCAL, SOCK_STREAM|SOCK_CLOEXEC|SOCK_NONBLOCK, 0) = 5 connect(5, {sa_family=AF_LOCAL, sun_path="/var/run/nscd/socket"}, 110) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory) close(5) = 0 socket(PF_LOCAL, SOCK_STREAM|SOCK_CLOEXEC|SOCK_NONBLOCK, 0) = 5 connect(5, {sa_family=AF_LOCAL, sun_path="/var/run/nscd/socket"}, 110) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory) close(5) = 0 open("/etc/nsswitch.conf", O_RDONLY) = 5 fstat(5, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0644, st_size=1688, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 4096, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7f03878dd000 read(5, "#\n# /etc/nsswitch.conf\n#\n# An ex"..., 4096) = 1688 read(5, "", 4096) = 0 close(5) = 0 munmap(0x7f03878dd000, 4096) = 0 open("/etc/ld.so.cache", O_RDONLY) = 5 fstat(5, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0644, st_size=39702, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 39702, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, 5, 0) = 0x7f0387845000 close(5) = 0 open("/lib64/libnss_files.so.2", O_RDONLY) = 5 read(5, "\177ELF\2\1\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\3\0>\0\1\0\0\0\360!\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 832) = 832 fstat(5, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0755, st_size=65928, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 2151824, PROT_READ|PROT_EXEC, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_DENYWRITE, 5, 0) = 0x7f038083b000 mprotect(0x7f0380847000, 2097152, PROT_NONE) = 0 mmap(0x7f0380a47000, 8192, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_FIXED|MAP_DENYWRITE, 5, 0xc000) = 0x7f0380a47000 close(5) = 0 mprotect(0x7f0380a47000, 4096, PROT_READ) = 0 munmap(0x7f0387845000, 39702) = 0 open("/etc/group", O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC) = 5 fcntl(5, F_GETFD) = 0x1 (flags FD_CLOEXEC) fstat(5, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0644, st_size=1188, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 4096, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7f03878dd000 read(5, "root:x:0:\nbin:x:1:bin,daemon\ndae"..., 4096) = 1188 close(5) = 0 munmap(0x7f03878dd000, 4096) = 0 read(4, "", 4096) = 0 close(4) = 0 munmap(0x7f03878de000, 4096) = 0 open("/etc/login.defs", O_RDONLY) = 4 fstat(4, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0644, st_size=1814, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 4096, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7f03878de000 read(4, "#\n# Please note that the paramet"..., 4096) = 1814 read(4, "", 4096) = 0 close(4) = 0 munmap(0x7f03878de000, 4096) = 0 socket(PF_LOCAL, SOCK_STREAM|SOCK_CLOEXEC|SOCK_NONBLOCK, 0) = 4 connect(4, {sa_family=AF_LOCAL, sun_path="/var/run/nscd/socket"}, 110) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory) close(4) = 0 socket(PF_LOCAL, SOCK_STREAM|SOCK_CLOEXEC|SOCK_NONBLOCK, 0) = 4 connect(4, {sa_family=AF_LOCAL, sun_path="/var/run/nscd/socket"}, 110) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory) close(4) = 0 open("/etc/passwd", O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC) = 4 fstat(4, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0644, st_size=2342, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 4096, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7f03878de000 read(4, "root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash\n"..., 4096) = 2342 read(4, "", 4096) = 0 close(4) = 0 munmap(0x7f03878de000, 4096) = 0 open("/etc/group", O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC) = 4 fstat(4, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0644, st_size=1188, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 4096, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7f03878de000 read(4, "root:x:0:\nbin:x:1:bin,daemon\ndae"..., 4096) = 1188 read(4, "", 4096) = 0 close(4) = 0 munmap(0x7f03878de000, 4096) = 0 open("/etc/.pwd.lock", O_WRONLY|O_CREAT|O_CLOEXEC, 0600) = 4 fcntl(4, F_GETFD) = 0x1 (flags FD_CLOEXEC) rt_sigaction(SIGALRM, {0x7f0386dd2180, ~[], SA_RESTORER, 0x7f0386d156a0}, {SIG_DFL, [], 0}, 8) = 0 rt_sigprocmask(SIG_UNBLOCK, [ALRM], [], 8) = 0 alarm(15) = 0 fcntl(4, F_SETLKW, {type=F_WRLCK, whence=SEEK_SET, start=0, len=0}) = 0 alarm(0) = 15 rt_sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, [], NULL, 8) = 0 rt_sigaction(SIGALRM, {SIG_DFL, [], SA_RESTORER, 0x7f0386d156a0}, NULL, 8) = 0 getpid() = 30644 open("/etc/passwd.30644", O_WRONLY|O_CREAT|O_EXCL, 0600) = 5 write(5, "30644\0", 6) = 6 close(5) = 0 link("/etc/passwd.30644", "/etc/passwd.lock") = -1 EACCES (Permission denied) open("/etc/passwd.lock", O_RDWR) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory) unlink("/etc/passwd.30644") = 0 close(4) = 0 open("/usr/share/locale/locale.alias", O_RDONLY) = 4 fstat(4, {st_mode=S_IFREG|0644, st_size=2512, ...}) = 0 mmap(NULL, 4096, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0x7f03878de000 read(4, "# Locale name alias data base.\n#"..., 4096) = 2512 read(4, "", 4096) = 0 close(4) = 0 munmap(0x7f03878de000, 4096) = 0 open("/usr/share/locale/en_US.UTF-8/LC_MESSAGES/shadow.mo", O_RDONLY) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory) open("/usr/share/locale/en_US.utf8/LC_MESSAGES/shadow.mo", O_RDONLY) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory) open("/usr/share/locale/en_US/LC_MESSAGES/shadow.mo", O_RDONLY) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory) open("/usr/share/locale/en.UTF-8/LC_MESSAGES/shadow.mo", O_RDONLY) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory) open("/usr/share/locale/en.utf8/LC_MESSAGES/shadow.mo", O_RDONLY) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory) open("/usr/share/locale/en/LC_MESSAGES/shadow.mo", O_RDONLY) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory) write(2, "useradd: cannot lock /etc/passwd"..., 51) = 51 exit_group(1) = ? +++ exited with 1 +++ 

Решено! Агент Mcafee HIPs предотвращал создание файлов паролей и теней в каталоге / etc /.

Вот ссылка на статью KB, в которой показано, как остановить агент:

Агент Mcafee HIPs

Что показывает strace?

 strace -o /root/blah -ff useradd imatestuser 

В частности, файл «/etc/.pwd.lock» не будет найден в вашем «/etc/*.lock» glob.

 blah.26812:statfs("/selinux", {... blah.26812:open("/etc/.pwd.lock", O_WRONLY|O_CREAT|O_CLOEXEC, 0600) = 7 blah.26812:link("/etc/passwd.26812", "/etc/passwd.lock") = 0 blah.26812:link("/etc/shadow.26812", "/etc/shadow.lock") = 0 blah.26812:link("/etc/group.26812", "/etc/group.lock") = 0 blah.26812:link("/etc/gshadow.26812", "/etc/gshadow.lock") = 0 blah.26812:unlink("/etc/shadow.lock") = 0 blah.26812:unlink("/etc/passwd.lock") = 0 blah.26812:unlink("/etc/group.lock") = 0 blah.26812:unlink("/etc/gshadow.lock") = 0