Samba 2.2.12 принимает мой пароль, но отклоняет другие учетные записи пользователей?

Я использую устаревшую систему, и я застрял с FreeBSD 5.4 и Samba 2.2.12, пытаясь получить к ней доступ из системы Windows 7.

Я создал учетную запись unix в FreeBSD, используя команду adduser и добавил себя в группу, которая позволяет читать доступ на запись к общему месту. Затем я создал учетную запись Samba для себя, используя команду smbpasswd -a <user> .

Когда я сопоставляю сетевой диск с этой учетной записью под Win 7, я проверяю параметр «Подключиться с использованием разных учетных данных» в диалоговом окне «Сетевой диск карты» и предоставляю имя пользователя и пароль Samba для вызова пароля. Система принимает его и сопоставляет диск с моей учетной записью.

Однако, когда я выполняю описанную выше процедуру для создания другого пользователя, каждый раз, когда я предоставляю имя учетной записи и пароль, он отклоняет учетные данные и возвращается с другим диалоговым окном вызова пароля и не привязывается к диску. Я пропустил процедуру несколько раз, и я уверен, что имя пользователя и пароль верны.

Я не уверен, почему он это делает, и мне было интересно, как-то мой вход в Windows 7 влияет на мою учетную запись Samba. Это немного странно, если это так, потому что помимо моего полного имени, связанного с учетными записями, учетная запись unix / samba имеет другое имя пользователя из моей учетной записи Windows.

Содержание smb.conf подробно описано ниже, с некоторыми изменениями здесь и там, чтобы сохранить анонимность.

 # This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the # smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed # here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too # many!) most of which are not shown in this example # # Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash) # is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a # # for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you # may wish to enable # # NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm" # to check that you have not many any basic syntactic errors. # #======================= Global Settings ===================================== [global] # workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name, eg: REDHAT4 workgroup = EAGLE # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field server string = EAGLE systems # This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict # connections to machines which are on your local network. The # following example restricts access to two C class networks and # the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see # the smb.conf man page ; hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127. # If you want to automatically load your printer list rather # than setting them up individually then you'll need this load printers = no # you may wish to override the location of the printcap file ; printcap name = /etc/printcap # on SystemV system setting printcap name to lpstat should allow # you to automatically obtain a printer list from the SystemV spool # system ; printcap name = lpstat # It should not be necessary to specify the print system type unless # it is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include: # bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx ; printing = bsd # Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd # otherwise the user "nobody" is used ; guest account = pcguest # this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine # that connects log file = /var/log/log.%m # Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb). max log size = 50 # Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See # security_level.txt for details. security = user # Use password server option only with security = server # The argument list may include: # password server = My_PDC_Name [My_BDC_Name] [My_Next_BDC_Name] # or to auto-locate the domain controller/s # password server = * ; password server = <NT-Server-Name> # Note: Do NOT use the now deprecated option of "domain controller" # This option is no longer implemented. # You may wish to use password encryption. Please read # ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation. # Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents encrypt passwords = yes # Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name # of the machine that is connecting ; include = /usr/local/etc/smb.conf.%m # Most people will find that this option gives better performance. # See speed.txt and the manual pages for details # You may want to add the following on a Linux system: # SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192 socket options = TCP_NODELAY # Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces # If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them # here. See the man page for details. ; interfaces = interfaces = # Browser Control Options: # set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master # browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply local master = no # OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser # elections. The default value should be reasonable ; os level = 33 # Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This # allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this # if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job domain master = no # Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup # and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election preferred master = no # Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for # Windows95 workstations. domain logons = no # if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or # per user logon script # run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine) ; logon script = %m.bat # run a specific logon batch file per username ; logon script = %U.bat # Where to store roving profiles (only for Win95 and WinNT) # %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username # You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below ; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section: # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server ; wins support = yes # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both ; wins server = wxyz # WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on # behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be # at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO. wins proxy = no # DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names # via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes, # this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no. dns proxy = no # Client codepage settings # for Greek users ; client code page=737 # for European users (Latin 1) ; client code page=850 # for European users (Latin 2) ; client code page=852 # for Icelandic users ; client code page=861 # for Cyrillic users ; client code page=866 # for Japanese Users ; client code page=932 ; coding system=cap # for Simplified Chinese Users ; client code page=936 ; coding system=cap # for Korean Users ; client code page=949 ; coding system=cap # for Traditional Chinese Users ; client code page=950 ; coding system=cap #============================ Share Definitions ============================== [homes] comment = Home Directories browseable = no writeable = yes # Un-comment the following two lines to add a recycle bin facility to a samba share # NOTE: It currently doesn't work with the [homes] virtual share, use a regular share instead ; vfs object = /usr/local/lib/samba/ ; vfs options= /usr/local/etc/recycle.conf.default # Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons ; [netlogon] ; comment = Network Logon Service ; path = /usr/local/samba/lib/netlogon ; guest ok = yes ; writeable = no ; share modes = no # Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share # the default is to use the user's home directory ;[Profiles] ; path = /usr/local/samba/profiles ; browseable = no ; guest ok = yes # NOTE: If you have a BSD-style print system there is no need to # specifically define each individual printer ;[printers] ; comment = All Printers ; path = /var/spool/samba ; browseable = no ;# Set public = yes to allow user 'guest account' to print ; guest ok = no ; writeable = no ; printable = yes # This one is useful for people to share files ;[tmp] ; comment = Temporary file space ; path = /tmp ; read only = no ; public = yes # A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in # the "Bird" group. # New files/directories put in group Bird, and group write permission added. [BIRD_disk] comment = The nesting place. path = /BIRD_disk browseable = yes public = no writeable = yes printable = no write list = @Bird force group = +Bird force create mode = 0775 force directory mode = 0775 # Other examples. # # A private printer, usable only by fred. Spool data will be placed in fred's # home directory. Note that fred must have write access to the spool directory, # wherever it is. ;[fredsprn] ; comment = Fred's Printer ; valid users = fred ; path = /homes/fred ; printer = freds_printer ; public = no ; writeable = no ; printable = yes # A private directory, usable only by fred. Note that fred requires write # access to the directory. ;[fredsdir] ; comment = Fred's Service ; path = /usr/somewhere/private ; valid users = fred ; public = no ; writeable = yes ; printable = no # a service which has a different directory for each machine that connects # this allows you to tailor configurations to incoming machines. You could # also use the %U option to tailor it by user name. # The %m gets replaced with the machine name that is connecting. ;[pchome] ; comment = PC Directories ; path = /usr/pc/%m ; public = no ; writeable = yes # A publicly accessible directory, read/write to all users. Note that all files # created in the directory by users will be owned by the default user, so # any user with access can delete any other user's files. Obviously this # directory must be writeable by the default user. Another user could of course # be specified, in which case all files would be owned by that user instead. ;[public] ; path = /usr/somewhere/else/public ; public = yes ; only guest = yes ; writeable = yes ; printable = no # Un-comment the following two lines to add a recycle bin facility to a samba share ; vfs object = /usr/local/lib/samba/ ; vfs options= /usr/local/etc/recycle.conf.default # The following two entries demonstrate how to share a directory so that two # users can place files there that will be owned by the specific users. In this # setup, the directory should be writeable by both users and should have the # sticky bit set on it to prevent abuse. Obviously this could be extended to # as many users as required. ;[myshare] ; comment = Mary's and Fred's stuff ; path = /usr/somewhere/shared ; valid users = mary fred ; public = no ; writeable = yes ; printable = no ; create mask = 0765 

Оказывается, Windows не разрешает несколько подключений к общему ресурсу одним и тем же пользователем и использует разные имена пользователей →

Некоторые предлагаемые способы устранения можно найти здесь →

Понадобилось немного времени, чтобы понять это, потому что иногда клиент Windows 7 просто бросает другой диалог с запросом пароля, даже если вы просто указали правильные учетные данные, а иногда он отображает диалоговое окно с ошибкой, указывающее, что несколько подключений одного и того же пользователя не разрешены.