Разрешения с записью раздела NTFS из Windows

В этот день я подключил внешний жесткий диск NTFS к своему Pi, теперь мой / etc / fstab выглядит следующим образом (я рекомендую любые рекомендации или запросы, сделанные по сделанным свойствам, особенно umask – я довольно новый):

pi@CodaAmok ~ $ sudo nano /etc/fstab GNU nano 2.2.6 File: /etc/fstab proc /proc proc defaults 0 0 /dev/mmcblk0p1 /boot vfat defaults 0 2 /dev/mmcblk0p2 / ext4 defaults,noatime 0 1 UUID=01CE2B23B81B9C30 /mnt/disk1 ntfs defaults,auto,umask=002,uid=1000,gid=1000 0 0 # a swapfile is not a swap partition, so no using swapon|off from here on, use $ 

Я не могу записать на подключенный диск из Windows. Я жалуюсь, что у меня нет достаточных разрешений. Что мне здесь не хватает? Я пытаюсь сопоставить диск в Windows и войти в систему как пользователь «pi», но это не позволяет мне. Тем не менее, он позволяет мне получить доступ к диску (очевидно, только для чтения) без входа в систему как Pi. Поэтому я обращаюсь к системе как к другому пользователю, таким образом, к другому UID и GUID.

Если я узнаю, в какую группу мои компьютеры Windows попадают под общий ресурс Samba, и добавьте это в файл / etc / fstab, это должно сделать трюк. Вопрос: Как узнать мой GUID / UID моей машины Windows в моем Pi? Я предполагаю, что у него есть значение по умолчанию для пользователей, подключаемых к samba?

Вот моя конфигурация Samba (огромная оо):

 # # Sample configuration file for the Samba suite for Debian GNU/Linux. # # # This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the # smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed # here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options most of which # are not shown in this example # # Some options that are often worth tuning have been included as # commented-out examples in this file. # - When such options are commented with ";", the proposed setting # differs from the default Samba behaviour # - When commented with "#", the proposed setting is the default # behaviour of Samba but the option is considered important # enough to be mentioned here # # NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command # "testparm" to check that you have not made any basic syntactic # errors. # A well-established practice is to name the original file # "smb.conf.master" and create the "real" config file with # testparm -s smb.conf.master >smb.conf # This minimizes the size of the really used smb.conf file # which, according to the Samba Team, impacts performance # However, use this with caution if your smb.conf file contains nested # "include" statements. See Debian bug #483187 for a case # where using a master file is not a good idea. # #======================= Global Settings ======================= [global] ## Browsing/Identification ### # Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of workgroup = WORKGROUP # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field server string = %h server # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section: # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server # wins support = no # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both ; wins server = wxyz # This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS. dns proxy = no # What naming service and in what order should we use to resolve host names # to IP addresses ; name resolve order = lmhosts host wins bcast #### Networking #### # The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to # This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask; # interface names are normally preferred ; interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0 # Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the # 'interfaces' option above to use this. # It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is # not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself. However, this # option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly. ; bind interfaces only = yes #### Debugging/Accounting #### # This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine # that connects log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m # Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB). max log size = 1000 # If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following # parameter to 'yes'. # syslog only = no # We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything # should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log # through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher. syslog = 0 # Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d ####### Authentication ####### # "security = user" is always a good idea. This will require a Unix account # in this server for every user accessing the server. See # /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/ServerType.html # in the samba-doc package for details. security = user # You may wish to use password encryption. See the section on # 'encrypt passwords' in the smb.conf(5) manpage before enabling. encrypt passwords = true # If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what # password database type you are using. passdb backend = tdbsam obey pam restrictions = yes # This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix # password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the # passdb is changed. unix password sync = yes # For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following # parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan <<kahan@informatik.tu-muenchen.de> for # sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge). passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* . # This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes # when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in # 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'. pam password change = yes # This option controls how unsuccessful authentication attempts are mapped # to anonymous connections map to guest = bad user ########## Domains ########### # Is this machine able to authenticate users. Both PDC and BDC # must have this setting enabled. If you are the BDC you must # change the 'domain master' setting to no # ; domain logons = yes # # The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set # It specifies the location of the user's profile directory # from the client point of view) # The following required a [profiles] share to be setup on the # samba server (see below) ; logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U # Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory # (this is Samba's default) # logon path = \\%N\%U\profile # The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set # It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client # point of view) ; logon drive = H: # logon home = \\%N\%U # The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set # It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored # in the [netlogon] share # NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention ; logon script = logon.cmd # This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR # RPC pipe. The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix # password; please adapt to your needs ; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u # This allows machine accounts to be created on the domain controller via the # SAMR RPC pipe. # The following assumes a "machines" group exists on the system ; add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -g machines -c "%u machine account" -d /var/lib/samba -s /bin/false %u # This allows Unix groups to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR # RPC pipe. ; add group script = /usr/sbin/addgroup --force-badname %g ########## Printing ########## # If you want to automatically load your printer list rather # than setting them up individually then you'll need this # load printers = yes # lpr(ng) printing. You may wish to override the location of the # printcap file ; printing = bsd ; printcap name = /etc/printcap # CUPS printing. See also the cupsaddsmb(8) manpage in the # cupsys-client package. ; printing = cups ; printcap name = cups ############ Misc ############ # Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name # of the machine that is connecting ; include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m # Most people will find that this option gives better performance. # See smb.conf(5) and /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/speed.html # for details # You may want to add the following on a Linux system: # SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192 # socket options = TCP_NODELAY # The following parameter is useful only if you have the linpopup package # installed. The samba maintainer and the linpopup maintainer are # working to ease installation and configuration of linpopup and samba. ; message command = /bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/linpopup "%f" "%m" %s; rm %s' & # Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. If this # machine will be configured as a BDC (a secondary logon server), you # must set this to 'no'; otherwise, the default behavior is recommended. # domain master = auto # Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges # for something else.) ; idmap uid = 10000-20000 ; idmap gid = 10000-20000 ; template shell = /bin/bash # The following was the default behaviour in sarge, # but samba upstream reverted the default because it might induce # performance issues in large organizations. # See Debian bug #368251 for some of the consequences of *not* # having this setting and smb.conf(5) for details. ; winbind enum groups = yes ; winbind enum users = yes # Setup usershare options to enable non-root users to share folders # with the net usershare command. # Maximum number of usershare. 0 (default) means that usershare is disabled. ; usershare max shares = 100 # Allow users who've been granted usershare privileges to create # public shares, not just authenticated ones usershare allow guests = yes #======================= Share Definitions ======================= [homes] comment = Home Directories browseable = no # By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the # next parameter to 'no' if you want to be able to write to them. read only = no # File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to # create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775. create mask = 0700 # Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to # create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775. directory mask = 0700 # By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone # with access to the samba server. # The following parameter makes sure that only "username" can connect # to \\server\username # This might need tweaking when using external authentication schemes valid users = %S # Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons # (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.) [netlogon] comment = Network Logon Service path = /home/samba/netlogon guest ok = yes read only = no # Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store # users profiles (see the "logon path" option above) # (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.) # The path below should be writable by all users so that their # profile directory may be created the first time they log on [profiles] comment = Users profiles path = /home/samba/profiles guest ok = no browseable = no create mask = 0600 directory mask = 0700 [printers] comment = All Printers browseable = no path = /var/spool/samba printable = yes guest ok = no read only = yes create mask = 0700 # Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable # printer drivers [print$] comment = Printer Drivers path = /var/lib/samba/printers browseable = yes read only = yes guest ok = no # Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers. # You may need to replace 'lpadmin' with the name of the group your # admin users are members of. # Please note that you also need to set appropriate Unix permissions # to the drivers directory for these users to have write rights in it ; write list = root, @lpadmin # A sample share for sharing your CD-ROM with others. ;[cdrom] ; comment = Samba server's CD-ROM ; read only = yes ; locking = no ; path = /cdrom ; guest ok = yes # The next two parameters show how to auto-mount a CD-ROM when the # cdrom share is accesed. For this to work /etc/fstab must contain # an entry like this: # # /dev/scd0 /cdrom iso9660 defaults,noauto,ro,user 0 0 # # The CD-ROM gets unmounted automatically after the connection to the # # If you don't want to use auto-mounting/unmounting make sure the CD # is mounted on /cdrom # ; preexec = /bin/mount /cdrom ; postexec = /bin/umount /cdrom [Backup] comment = USB Share path = /mnt/disk1 writeable = Yes only guest = Yes create mask = 0777 directory mask = 0777 browseable = Yes public = Yes 

Вот скриншот о том, какую обратную связь я получаю, когда я пытаюсь удалить файл на этом диске (из Windows);

введите описание изображения здесь

Если бы я был опасен для решения этой проблемы, это было бы связано с этими конфигурациями (я бы поиграл и посмотрел, но восьмеричная нумерация здесь не применяется (или делает это?)):

 # File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to # create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775. create mask = 0700 # Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to # create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775. directory mask = 0700 

Я ценю, что могу быть здесь на разных треках, а не теоретически правильно, поэтому любая коррекция моих знаний тоже была бы замечательной.

Спасибо за прочтение!

2 Solutions collect form web for “Разрешения с записью раздела NTFS из Windows”

Я решил свою проблему! Я добавил следующее в файл / etc / fstab:

 /dev/sdb1 /media/HDD01 auto gid=[1],uid=[2],noatime 0 0 

Где [1] означает групповой идентификатор моей группы пользователей, поэтому 100 . И [2] был единственным идентификатором пользователя, которому я хотел иметь полные права доступа, поэтому 1001 (в моем случае, введите id в терминал, чтобы найти ваши значения).

Затем я установил ntfs-3g , просто используя sudo apt-get install ntfs-3g и с этим он поставляется с утилитой ntfs checker, которая сообщила мне, что диск был испорчен. Предлагаемый я использовал chkdsk /R в (повышенном) CMD; работал. Теперь я могу получить доступ и записать на свой диск, из Windows!

Утилита chdsk заняла очень много времени, к счастью, мой внешний жесткий диск был USB 3, иначе я мог бы быть там в 2-3 раза дольше! Стоит коротко, если кто-то другой сталкивается с такими же проблемами, как и я.

Примечание: после редактирования файла / etc / fstab, очевидно, выполните sudo umount /dev/s** (где ** – ваш собственный) и sudo mount -a .

-Вы забыли добавить «доступный» вариант, добавив этот параметр в свою конфигурацию, чтобы оставаться таким!

 [Backup] comment = USB Share path = /mnt/disk1 avaliable = yes browseable = yes public = yes writeable = Yes create mask = 0777 directory mask = 0777 

и проверьте параметры записи и перейдите в раздел [Дома] файла «smb.conf», потому что это сильно влияет на эти параметры, поскольку они обычно следуют параметрам, определенным в этом разделе. e вам нужно проверить, будут ли использоваться nfs-3g ,

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