Нет рабочего стола после установки драйвера nvidia

Я запускаю Debian 8 Jessie на своем ноутбуке Sony Vaio. Он оснащен графическим чипом Nvidia Geforce GT 640M LE .

Я следовал официальной статье Debian Wiki для установки nvidia-drivers вместо nouveau:

https://wiki.debian.org/NvidiaGraphicsDrivers

Теперь я запускаю драйвер Nvidia 352.79, который должен быть совместим с моим графическим процессором согласно указанным вики-страницам. После установки я запустил nvidia-xconfig, который автоматически создал файл /etc/X11/xorg.conf :

 Section "ServerLayout" Identifier "Layout0" Screen 0 "Screen0" 0 0 InputDevice "Keyboard0" "CoreKeyboard" InputDevice "Mouse0" "CorePointer" EndSection Section "Files" EndSection Section "InputDevice" # generated from default Identifier "Mouse0" Driver "mouse" Option "Protocol" "auto" Option "Device" "/dev/psaux" Option "Emulate3Buttons" "no" Option "ZAxisMapping" "4 5" EndSection Section "InputDevice" # generated from default Identifier "Keyboard0" Driver "kbd" EndSection Section "Monitor" Identifier "Monitor0" VendorName "Unknown" ModelName "Unknown" HorizSync 28.0 - 33.0 VertRefresh 43.0 - 72.0 Option "DPMS" EndSection Section "Device" Identifier "Device0" Driver "nvidia" VendorName "NVIDIA Corporation" EndSection Section "Screen" Identifier "Screen0" Device "Device0" Monitor "Monitor0" DefaultDepth 24 SubSection "Display" Depth 24 EndSubSection EndSection 

Проблема в том, что когда я загружаюсь, я не вижу среды рабочего стола – вот полный Xorg.0.log :

 [ 21.803] X.Org X Server 1.16.4 Release Date: 2014-12-20 [ 21.803] X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0 [ 21.803] Build Operating System: Linux 3.16.0-4-amd64 x86_64 Debian [ 21.803] Current Operating System: Linux sony-jessie 3.16.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.16.7-ckt20-1+deb8u4 (2016-02-29) x86_64 [ 21.803] Kernel command line: BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-3.16.0-4-amd64 root=UUID=743ceb34-b848-49b3-8a7e-b5c86d2abf7c ro quiet [ 21.803] Build Date: 11 February 2015 12:32:02AM [ 21.803] xorg-server 2:1.16.4-1 (http://www.debian.org/support) [ 21.803] Current version of pixman: 0.32.6 [ 21.803] Before reporting problems, check http://wiki.x.org to make sure that you have the latest version. [ 21.803] Markers: (--) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting, (++) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational, (WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown. [ 21.804] (==) Log file: "/var/log/Xorg.0.log", Time: Fri Mar 11 19:08:24 2016 [ 21.804] (==) Using config file: "/etc/X11/xorg.conf" [ 21.804] (==) Using config directory: "/etc/X11/xorg.conf.d" [ 21.804] (==) Using system config directory "/usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d" [ 21.804] (==) ServerLayout "Layout0" [ 21.804] (**) |-->Screen "Screen0" (0) [ 21.804] (**) | |-->Monitor "Monitor0" [ 21.805] (**) | |-->Device "Device0" [ 21.805] (**) |-->Input Device "Keyboard0" [ 21.805] (**) |-->Input Device "Mouse0" [ 21.805] (==) Automatically adding devices [ 21.805] (==) Automatically enabling devices [ 21.805] (==) Automatically adding GPU devices [ 21.805] (WW) The directory "/usr/share/fonts/X11/cyrillic" does not exist. [ 21.805] Entry deleted from font path. [ 21.805] (==) FontPath set to: /usr/share/fonts/X11/misc, /usr/share/fonts/X11/100dpi/:unscaled, /usr/share/fonts/X11/75dpi/:unscaled, /usr/share/fonts/X11/Type1, /usr/share/fonts/X11/100dpi, /usr/share/fonts/X11/75dpi, built-ins [ 21.805] (==) ModulePath set to "/usr/lib/xorg/modules" [ 21.805] (WW) Hotplugging is on, devices using drivers 'kbd', 'mouse' or 'vmmouse' will be disabled. [ 21.805] (WW) Disabling Keyboard0 [ 21.805] (WW) Disabling Mouse0 [ 21.805] (II) Loader magic: 0x7f0af2e3cd80 [ 21.805] (II) Module ABI versions: [ 21.805] X.Org ANSI C Emulation: 0.4 [ 21.805] X.Org Video Driver: 18.0 [ 21.805] X.Org XInput driver : 21.0 [ 21.805] X.Org Server Extension : 8.0 [ 21.806] (II) xfree86: Adding drm device (/dev/dri/card0) [ 21.806] (II) xfree86: Adding drm device (/dev/dri/card1) [ 21.808] (--) PCI:*(0:0:2:0) 8086:0166:104d:909c rev 9, Mem @ 0xb9000000/4194304, 0xc0000000/268435456, I/O @ 0x00007000/64 [ 21.808] (--) PCI: (0:1:0:0) 10de:0fd3:104d:909c rev 161, Mem @ 0xb8000000/16777216, 0xa0000000/268435456, 0xb0000000/33554432, I/O @ 0x00006000/128 [ 21.809] (II) LoadModule: "glx" [ 21.809] (II) Loading /usr/lib/xorg/modules/linux/libglx.so [ 21.821] (II) Module glx: vendor="NVIDIA Corporation" [ 21.821] compiled for 4.0.2, module version = 1.0.0 [ 21.821] Module class: X.Org Server Extension [ 21.821] (II) NVIDIA GLX Module 352.79 Wed Jan 13 15:54:44 PST 2016 [ 21.821] (II) LoadModule: "nvidia" [ 21.821] (II) Loading /usr/lib/xorg/modules/drivers/nvidia_drv.so [ 21.822] (II) Module nvidia: vendor="NVIDIA Corporation" [ 21.822] compiled for 4.0.2, module version = 1.0.0 [ 21.822] Module class: X.Org Video Driver [ 21.822] (II) NVIDIA dlloader X Driver 352.79 Wed Jan 13 15:31:15 PST 2016 [ 21.822] (II) NVIDIA Unified Driver for all Supported NVIDIA GPUs [ 21.822] (++) using VT number 7 [ 21.822] (EE) No devices detected. [ 21.822] (EE) Fatal server error: [ 21.822] (EE) no screens found(EE) [ 21.822] (EE) Please consult the The X.Org Foundation support at http://wiki.x.org for help. [ 21.822] (EE) Please also check the log file at "/var/log/Xorg.0.log" for additional information. [ 21.822] (EE) 

Особенно следует использовать следующие строки. К сожалению, не для меня, я не мог найти ничего полезного в этом:

 [ 21.822] (EE) No devices detected. [ 21.822] (EE) Fatal server error: [ 21.822] (EE) no screens found(EE) 

Забудьте о nvidia-драйвере

Все, что вам нужно для карты GeForce, это Bumblebee.

См. Ответ allicoder , а также мой вопрос по этому вопросу.

Также не забудьте проверить FAQ Bumblebee .