«группы не существует». и «Недостаточно места в файловых системах»

Хост CentOS 7 должен установить гостевую систему CentOS 7 с помощью virt-install и kickstart , но описанный ниже подход не распознает назначенный жесткий диск или зависимости.

Какие конкретные изменения необходимо внести в ниже, чтобы процесс установки распознал жесткий диск и зависимости?


Симптомы ошибки:


Ниже приводится информация о том, что Putty печатает во время установки гостевой ОС:

 [ OK ] Started Anaconda NetworkManager configuration. Starting Anaconda NetworkManager configuration... Starting Wait for Plymouth Boot Screen to Quit... Starting Terminate Plymouth Boot Screen... Starting pre-anaconda logging service... Starting firewalld - dynamic firewall daemon... Starting Dump dmesg to /var/log/dmesg... Starting Service enabling compressing RAM with zRam... Starting installer, one moment... anaconda 21.48.22.93-1 for CentOS Linux 7 started. * installation log files are stored in /tmp during the installation * shell is available on TTY2 * when reporting a bug add logs from /tmp as separate text/plain attachments 18:17:26 Not asking for VNC because of an automated install 18:17:26 Not asking for VNC because we don't have a network Starting automated install. Checking software selection ================================================================================ ================================================================================ Question You have specified that the group 'base' should be installed. This group does not exist. Would you like to ignore this group and continue with installation? Please respond 'yes' or 'no': yes ================================================================================ ================================================================================ Question You have specified that the group 'compat-libraries' should be installed. This group does not exist. Would you like to ignore this group and continue with installation? Please respond 'yes' or 'no': yes ================================================================================ ================================================================================ Question You have specified that the group 'debugging' should be installed. This group does not exist. Would you like to ignore this group and continue with installation? Please respond 'yes' or 'no': yes ================================================================================ ================================================================================ Question You have specified that the group 'development' should be installed. This group does not exist. Would you like to ignore this group and continue with installation? Please respond 'yes' or 'no': yes ================================================================================ ================================================================================ Question You have specified that the group 'network-file-system-client' should be installed. This group does not exist. Would you like to ignore this group and continue with installation? Please respond 'yes' or 'no': yes ================================================================================ ================================================================================ Question You have specified that the group 'remote-system-management' should be installed. This group does not exist. Would you like to ignore this group and continue with installation? Please respond 'yes' or 'no': yes ================================================================================ ================================================================================ Question You have specified that the group 'security-tools' should be installed. This group does not exist. Would you like to ignore this group and continue with installation? Please respond 'yes' or 'no': yes ================================================================================ ================================================================================ Question You have specified that the group 'smart-card' should be installed. This group does not exist. Would you like to ignore this group and continue with installation? Please respond 'yes' or 'no': yes ================================================================================ ================================================================================ Question You have specified that the group 'virtualization-hypervisor' should be installed. This group does not exist. Would you like to ignore this group and continue with installation? Please respond 'yes' or 'no': yes ================================================================================ ================================================================================ Question You have specified that the group 'virtualization-platform' should be installed. This group does not exist. Would you like to ignore this group and continue with installation? Please respond 'yes' or 'no': yes ================================================================================ ================================================================================ Question You have specified that the group 'virtualization-tools' should be installed. with installation? Please respond 'yes' or 'no': yes ================================================================================ ================================================================================ Question You have specified that the group 'virtualization-client' should be installed. This group does not exist. Would you like to ignore this group and continue with installation? Please respond 'yes' or 'no': yes Generating updated storage configuration storage configuration failed: The following problem occurred on line 19 of the kickstart file: Requested boot drive "sda" doesn't exist or cannot be used. ================================================================================ ================================================================================ ================================================================================ Installation 1) [x] Language settings 2) [x] Time settings (English (United States)) (America/Los_Angeles timezone) 3) [x] Installation source 4) [x] Software selection (Local media) (Custom software selected) 5) [!] Installation Destination 6) [x] Kdump (No disks selected) (Kdump is enabled) 7) [ ] Network configuration (Not connected) Not enough space in file systems for the current software selection. An additional 1069.52 MiB is needed. Enter 'b' to ignore the warning and attempt to install anyway. Please make your choice from above ['q' to quit | 'b' to begin installation | 'r' to refresh]: b Please complete all spokes before continuing Please make your choice from above ['q' to quit | 'b' to begin installation | 'r' to refresh]: q ================================================================================ ================================================================================ Question Do you really want to quit? Please respond 'yes' or 'no': yes [anaconda] 1:main* 2:shell 3:log 4:storage-lo> Switch tab: Alt+Tab | Help: F1 [terminated] 


Как был создан диск:


Образ диска был создан на хосте с двумя следующими командами:

 cd /home qemu-img create -f qcow2 disk_test.img 100G 


Файл кикстарта:


В файле кикстарта есть следующее содержание:

 [root@remote-host ~]# vi /tmp/vm.ks # System authorization information auth --enableshadow --passalgo=sha512 # Run the Setup Agent on first boot firstboot --enable # Keyboard layouts keyboard --vckeymap=us --xlayouts='us' # System language lang en_US.UTF-8 # Network information network --bootproto=static --ip=12.34.567.8aa --netmask=255.255.255.248 --gateway=12.34.567.8bb --nameserver=xx.xx.xx.xx,xx.xx.yy.yy --device=eno1 --hostname=localhost.localdomain --onboot=on --activate # Root password rootpw --iscrypted $someLongHashForEncryptedPassword # System timezone timezone Valid_Time_Zone_Given_Here --isUtc --nontp # System bootloader configuration bootloader --append=" crashkernel=auto" --location=mbr --boot-drive=sda # Partition clearing information. Erases all partitions from the sda drive. clearpart --all --initlabel # Disk partitioning information part pv.204 --fstype="lvmpv" --ondisk=sda --size=1902212 part /boot/efi --fstype="efi" --ondisk=sda --size=200 --fsoptions="umask=0077,shortname=winnt" part /boot --fstype="xfs" --ondisk=sda --size=500 volgroup centos --pesize=4096 pv.204 logvol / --fstype="xfs" --grow --maxsize=51200 --size=1024 --name=root --vgname=centos logvol /home --fstype="xfs" --size=230400 --name=home --vgname=centos logvol swap --fstype="swap" --size=7808 --name=swap --vgname=centos repo --name="CentOS" --baseurl="http://mirror.centos.org/centos/7/os/x86_64/" repo --name="EPEL" --baseurl="http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/7/x86_64/" %packages @base @compat-libraries @core @debugging @development @network-file-system-client @remote-system-management @security-tools @smart-card @virtualization-hypervisor @virtualization-platform @virtualization-tools @virtualization-client kexec-tools %end %addon com_redhat_kdump --enable --reserve-mb='auto' %end ~ "/tmp/vm.ks" 51L, 1872C 


Команда virt-install :


Команда virt-install , инициировавшая процесс установки, который сгенерировал вывод, показанный выше, выглядит следующим образом:

 [root@remote-host ~]# virt-install --name=public-centos7 --disk path=/home/disk_test.img,size=99 --graphics none --vcpus=1 --memory=2048 --location /tmp/CentOS-7-x86_64-Minimal-1611.iso --network bridge=virbr0 --os-type=linux --os-variant=rhel7.0 --initrd-inject=/tmp/vm.ks --extra-args "ks=file:/vm.ks console=ttyS0" 


Попытка просмотра журналов:


Я попытался смонтировать образ диска гостя для просмотра журналов, но получил следующее сообщение о том, что файловая система диска кажется нулевой:

 [root@remote-host ~]# virsh destroy public-centos7 Domain public-centos7 destroyed [root@remote-host ~]# virsh list --all Id Name State ---------------------------------------------------- - public-centos7 shut off [root@remote-host ~]# guestmount -a /home/disk_test.img -m /dev/sda1 /mnt libguestfs: error: vfs_type: vfs_type_stub: /dev/sda1: No such file or directory libguestfs: error: mount_options: mount_options_stub: /dev/sda1: No such file or directory guestmount: '/dev/sda1' could not be mounted. guestmount: Did you mean to mount one of these filesystems? guestmount: /dev/sda (unknown) [root@remote-host ~]# guestmount -a /home/disk_test.img -m /dev/sda /mnt libguestfs: error: mount_options: /dev/sda on / (options: ''): mount: /dev/sda is write-protected, mounting read-only mount: unknown filesystem type '(null)' guestmount: '/dev/sda' could not be mounted. guestmount: Did you mean to mount one of these filesystems? guestmount: /dev/sda (unknown) [root@remote-host ~]# 


Проверка образа диска:


По предложению @ garethTheRed я набрал следующее:

 [root@remote-host ~]# virt-filesystems -a /home/disk_test.img [root@remote-host ~]# 

Какие конкретные изменения должны быть сделаны в ответ на отсутствие результатов этой команды? Нужно ли добавлять disk_test.img на disk_test.img ? Если да, то как?

Для справки, вот содержание физического диска:

 [root@remote-host ~]# fdisk -l WARNING: fdisk GPT support is currently new, and therefore in an experimental phase. Use at your own discretion. Disk /dev/sda: 2000.4 GB, 2000398934016 bytes, 3907029168 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes Disk label type: gpt # Start End Size Type Name 1 2048 411647 200M EFI System EFI System Partition 2 411648 1435647 500M Microsoft basic 3 1435648 3897165823 1.8T Linux LVM Disk /dev/mapper/centos-root: 53.7 GB, 53687091200 bytes, 104857600 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes Disk /dev/mapper/centos-swap: 8187 MB, 8187281408 bytes, 15990784 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes Disk /dev/mapper/centos-home: 241.6 GB, 241591910400 bytes, 471859200 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes Disk /dev/mapper/centos-second: 241.6 GB, 241587716096 bytes, 471851008 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes Disk /dev/mapper/centos-third: 241.6 GB, 241591910400 bytes, 471859200 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes Disk /dev/mapper/centos-fourth: 241.6 GB, 241591910400 bytes, 471859200 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes Disk /dev/mapper/centos-fifth: 241.6 GB, 241591910400 bytes, 471859200 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes Disk /dev/mapper/centos-seventh: 241.6 GB, 241591910400 bytes, 471859200 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes Disk /dev/mapper/centos-eighth: 241.6 GB, 241587716096 bytes, 471851008 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes Disk /dev/mapper/centos-sixth: 241.6 GB, 241591910400 bytes, 471859200 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes [root@remote-host ~]# 

Обратите внимание, что /home/disk_test.img находится в разделе /dev/mapper/centos-home , который является разделом хоста. Я просто поставил его для начала, чтобы просто заставить что-то работать, прежде чем улучшиться.

Также для справки доступны следующие пулы хранения:

 [root@remote-host ~]# virsh pool-list Name State Autostart ------------------------------------------- home active yes root active yes anotherUserName active yes tmp active yes [root@remote-host ~]# 

Должен ли я создать пул хранения для одного из других разделов, затем внутри него хранить объем хранилища и передать одну или другую из них в команду virt-install ?

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