установка пакетов с самыми старыми зависимостями

Система: Debian GNU / Linux 8 (jessie) 64-разрядная

uname -r: 4.9.0-0.bpo.1-amd64

Ну, я обновил ядро ​​до 4.9. И обновил все мои пакеты. Но теперь я пытаюсь установить skype и библиотеку gtk3, и я получаю проблемы с зависимостями. Чтобы установить skype, я делаю это:

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 sudo aptitude update wget -O skype-install.deb http://www.skype.com/go/getskype-linux-deb sudo dpkg -i skype-install.deb 

Ну и я в итоге

  skype:i386 : Depends: libqt4-dbus:i386 (>= 4:4.5.3) but it is not installed Depends: libqt4-network:i386 (>= 4:4.8.0) but it is not installed Depends: libqt4-xml:i386 (>= 4:4.5.3) but it is not installed Depends: libqtcore4:i386 (>= 4:4.7.0~beta1) but it is not installed Depends: libqtgui4:i386 (>= 4:4.8.0) but it is not installed Depends: libqtwebkit4:i386 (>= 2.1.0~2011week13) but it is not installed Depends: libstdc++6:i386 (>= 4.2.1) but it is not installed Depends: libx11-6:i386 but it is not installed Depends: libxext6:i386 but it is not installed Depends: libxss1:i386 but it is not installed Depends: libxv1:i386 but it is not installed Depends: libssl1.0.0:i386 but it is not installed Depends: libpulse0:i386 but it is not installed Depends: libasound2-plugins:i386 but it is not installed E: Unmet dependencies. Try using -f 

если я попробую apt-get -f install, он предложит удалить skype и его. Я пробовал способность, но и безрезультатно. И да, я уже сделал apt-get update && apt-get install.

Когда я пытаюсь установить libgtk3, я получил:

 libgtk-3-dev : Depends: libatk-bridge2.0-dev but it is not going to be installed 

Мне пришла в голову мысль:

 libdbus-1-dev : Depends: libdbus-1-3 (= 1.8.22-0+deb8u1) but 1.10.14-1 is installed. 

Ну, я думал, что, поскольку у меня есть новейшая библиотека, я могу заставить ее установить более старую версию, чтобы исправить проблему с зависимостями, но я получил это:

  sudo aptitude install libdbus-1-3=1.8.22-0 Unable to find a version "1.8.22-0" for the package "libdbus-1-3" 

Я не знаю, что делать, это не позволяет мне устанавливать старые библиотеки и не работать с новыми. Я много об этом разбираюсь, но все проблемы были решены с помощью apt-get обновления и установки. Как я могу установить этот пакет?

// ————-

политика sudo apt-cache

 Package files: 100 /var/lib/dpkg/status release a=now 500 http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ testing/non-free Translation-en 500 http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ testing/main Translation-en 500 http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ testing/contrib Translation-en -500 http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ testing/non-free i386 Packages release o=Debian,a=testing,n=stretch,l=Debian,c=non-free origin httpredir.debian.org -500 http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ testing/contrib i386 Packages release o=Debian,a=testing,n=stretch,l=Debian,c=contrib origin httpredir.debian.org -500 http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ testing/main i386 Packages release o=Debian,a=testing,n=stretch,l=Debian,c=main origin httpredir.debian.org -500 http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ testing/non-free amd64 Packages release o=Debian,a=testing,n=stretch,l=Debian,c=non-free origin httpredir.debian.org -500 http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ testing/contrib amd64 Packages release o=Debian,a=testing,n=stretch,l=Debian,c=contrib origin httpredir.debian.org -500 http://httpredir.debian.org/debian/ testing/main amd64 Packages release o=Debian,a=testing,n=stretch,l=Debian,c=main origin httpredir.debian.org 500 http://http.debian.net/debian/ jessie-backports/main Translation-en 100 http://http.debian.net/debian/ jessie-backports/main i386 Packages release o=Debian Backports,a=jessie-backports,n=jessie-backports,l=Debian Backports,c=main origin http.debian.net 100 http://http.debian.net/debian/ jessie-backports/main amd64 Packages release o=Debian Backports,a=jessie-backports,n=jessie-backports,l=Debian Backports,c=main origin http.debian.net 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates/non-free Translation-en 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates/main Translation-en 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates/contrib Translation-en 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates/non-free i386 Packages release o=Debian,a=stable-updates,n=jessie-updates,l=Debian,c=non-free origin ftp.us.debian.org 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates/contrib i386 Packages release o=Debian,a=stable-updates,n=jessie-updates,l=Debian,c=contrib origin ftp.us.debian.org 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates/main i386 Packages release o=Debian,a=stable-updates,n=jessie-updates,l=Debian,c=main origin ftp.us.debian.org 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates/non-free amd64 Packages release o=Debian,a=stable-updates,n=jessie-updates,l=Debian,c=non-free origin ftp.us.debian.org 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates/contrib amd64 Packages release o=Debian,a=stable-updates,n=jessie-updates,l=Debian,c=contrib origin ftp.us.debian.org 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates/main amd64 Packages release o=Debian,a=stable-updates,n=jessie-updates,l=Debian,c=main origin ftp.us.debian.org 500 http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports/main Translation-en 100 http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports/main i386 Packages release o=Debian Backports,a=jessie-backports,n=jessie-backports,l=Debian Backports,c=main origin ftp.debian.org 100 http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports/main amd64 Packages release o=Debian Backports,a=jessie-backports,n=jessie-backports,l=Debian Backports,c=main origin ftp.debian.org 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates/non-free Translation-en 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates/main Translation-en 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates/contrib Translation-en 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates/non-free i386 Packages release v=8-updates,o=Debian,a=proposed-updates,n=jessie-proposed-updates,l=Debian,c=non-free origin ftp.us.debian.org 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates/contrib i386 Packages release v=8-updates,o=Debian,a=proposed-updates,n=jessie-proposed-updates,l=Debian,c=contrib origin ftp.us.debian.org 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates/main i386 Packages release v=8-updates,o=Debian,a=proposed-updates,n=jessie-proposed-updates,l=Debian,c=main origin ftp.us.debian.org 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates/non-free amd64 Packages release v=8-updates,o=Debian,a=proposed-updates,n=jessie-proposed-updates,l=Debian,c=non-free origin ftp.us.debian.org 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates/contrib amd64 Packages release v=8-updates,o=Debian,a=proposed-updates,n=jessie-proposed-updates,l=Debian,c=contrib origin ftp.us.debian.org 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates/main amd64 Packages release v=8-updates,o=Debian,a=proposed-updates,n=jessie-proposed-updates,l=Debian,c=main origin ftp.us.debian.org 500 http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates/non-free Translation-en 500 http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates/main Translation-en 500 http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates/contrib Translation-en 990 http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates/non-free i386 Packages release v=8,o=Debian,a=stable,n=jessie,l=Debian-Security,c=non-free origin security.debian.org 990 http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates/contrib i386 Packages release v=8,o=Debian,a=stable,n=jessie,l=Debian-Security,c=contrib origin security.debian.org 990 http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates/main i386 Packages release v=8,o=Debian,a=stable,n=jessie,l=Debian-Security,c=main origin security.debian.org 990 http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates/non-free amd64 Packages release v=8,o=Debian,a=stable,n=jessie,l=Debian-Security,c=non-free origin security.debian.org 990 http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates/contrib amd64 Packages release v=8,o=Debian,a=stable,n=jessie,l=Debian-Security,c=contrib origin security.debian.org 990 http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates/main amd64 Packages release v=8,o=Debian,a=stable,n=jessie,l=Debian-Security,c=main origin security.debian.org 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie/non-free Translation-en 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie/main Translation-en 500 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie/contrib Translation-en 990 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie/non-free i386 Packages release v=8.7,o=Debian,a=stable,n=jessie,l=Debian,c=non-free origin ftp.us.debian.org 990 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie/contrib i386 Packages release v=8.7,o=Debian,a=stable,n=jessie,l=Debian,c=contrib origin ftp.us.debian.org 990 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie/main i386 Packages release v=8.7,o=Debian,a=stable,n=jessie,l=Debian,c=main origin ftp.us.debian.org 990 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie/non-free amd64 Packages release v=8.7,o=Debian,a=stable,n=jessie,l=Debian,c=non-free origin ftp.us.debian.org 990 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie/contrib amd64 Packages release v=8.7,o=Debian,a=stable,n=jessie,l=Debian,c=contrib origin ftp.us.debian.org 990 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie/main amd64 Packages release v=8.7,o=Debian,a=stable,n=jessie,l=Debian,c=main origin ftp.us.debian.org Pinned packages: 

Мой исходный список:

 # # deb cdrom:[Debian GNU/Linux 8.6.0 _Jessie_ - Official amd64 NETINST Binary-1 20160917-14:20]/ jessie main #deb cdrom:[Debian GNU/Linux 8.6.0 _Jessie_ - Official amd64 NETINST Binary-1 20160917-14:20]/ jessie main deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie main contrib non-free deb-src http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie main contrib non-free deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free deb-src http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-proposed-updates main contrib non-free deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ jessie-backports main # jessie-updates, previously known as 'volatile' deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main contrib non-free deb-src http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ jessie-updates main contrib non-free 

И это шов мне что-то не так здесь:

 dpkg -l |awk '/^ii/ && $3 ~ /bpo[6-8]/ {print $2}' libgl1-mesa-dri:amd64 libllvm3.8:amd64 linux-compiler-gcc-4.9-x86 linux-headers-4.9.0-0.bpo.1-686-pae linux-headers-4.9.0-0.bpo.1-all linux-headers-4.9.0-0.bpo.1-all-amd64 linux-headers-4.9.0-0.bpo.1-amd64 linux-headers-4.9.0-0.bpo.1-common linux-headers-4.9.0-0.bpo.1-common-rt linux-headers-4.9.0-0.bpo.1-rt-686-pae linux-headers-4.9.0-0.bpo.1-rt-amd64 mesa-vulkan-drivers 

// вывод sudo apt-show-versions | grep testing Ну, не ожидал увидеть так много пакетов, мне нужен только новейший драйвер intell для работы с вулканом.

 bash-completion:all/testing 1:2.1-4.3 uptodate binutils:amd64/testing 2.27.90.20170124-2 uptodate console-setup:all/testing *manually* upgradeable from 1.158 to 1.160 console-setup-linux:all/testing *manually* upgradeable from 1.158 to 1.160 dbus:amd64/testing *manually* upgradeable from 1.10.14-1 to 1.10.16-1 flashplugin-nonfree:amd64/testing 1:3.7 uptodate ifupdown:amd64/testing 0.8.19 uptodate init-system-helpers:all/testing 1.47 uptodate kbd:amd64/testing 2.0.3-2 uptodate keyboard-configuration:all/testing *manually* upgradeable from 1.158 to 1.160 keyutils:amd64/testing 1.5.9-9 uptodate libapparmor1:amd64/testing 2.11.0-2 uptodate libdbus-1-3:amd64/testing *manually* upgradeable from 1.10.14-1 to 1.10.16-1 libdrm-amdgpu1:amd64/testing 2.4.74-1 uptodate libdrm-dev:amd64/testing 2.4.74-1 uptodate libdrm-intel1:amd64/testing 2.4.74-1 uptodate libdrm-nouveau2:amd64/testing 2.4.74-1 uptodate libdrm-radeon1:amd64/testing 2.4.74-1 uptodate libdrm2:amd64/testing 2.4.74-1 uptodate libegl1-mesa-drivers:amd64/testing 13.0.4-1 uptodate libfdisk1:amd64/testing 2.29.1-1 uptodate libgcrypt20:amd64/testing 1.7.6-1 uptodate libgl1-mesa-glx:amd64/testing 13.0.4-1 uptodate libglapi-mesa:amd64/testing 13.0.4-1 uptodate libgssapi-krb5-2:amd64/testing 1.15-1 uptodate libinput-bin:amd64/testing 1.6.0-1 uptodate libinput10:amd64/testing 1.6.0-1 uptodate libip4tc0:amd64/testing 1.6.0+snapshot20161117-5 uptodate libjim0.76:amd64/testing *manually* upgradeable from 0.76-2 to 0.76-2+b1 libk5crypto3:amd64/testing 1.15-1 uptodate libkrb5-3:amd64/testing 1.15-1 uptodate libkrb5support0:amd64/testing 1.15-1 uptodate liblz4-1:amd64/testing *manually* upgradeable from 0.0~r131-2 to 0.0~r131-2+b1 libmount1:amd64/testing 2.29.1-1 uptodate libncurses5:amd64/testing 6.0+20161126-1 uptodate libncursesw5:amd64/testing 6.0+20161126-1 uptodate libpam-systemd:amd64/testing *manually* upgradeable from 232-15 to 232-18 libseccomp2:amd64/testing 2.3.1-2.1 uptodate libselinux1:amd64/testing 2.6-3 uptodate libsmartcols1:amd64/testing 2.29.1-1 uptodate libssl1.1:amd64/testing *manually* upgradeable from 1.1.0d-2 to 1.1.0e-1 libsystemd0:amd64/testing *manually* upgradeable from 232-15 to 232-18 libtinfo5:amd64/testing 6.0+20161126-1 uptodate libudev1:amd64/testing *manually* upgradeable from 232-15 to 232-18 libvulkan1:amd64/testing 1.0.39.0+dfsg1-1 uptodate libwacom-common:all/testing 0.22-1 uptodate libwacom2:amd64/testing 0.22-1 uptodate libxfont2:amd64/testing 1:2.0.1-3 uptodate linux-base:all/testing 4.5 uptodate linux-kbuild-4.9:amd64/testing 4.9.6-3 uptodate linux-libc-dev:amd64/testing 4.9.6-3 uptodate mount:amd64/testing 2.29.1-1 uptodate rpcbind:amd64/testing 0.2.3-0.5 uptodate systemd:amd64/testing *manually* upgradeable from 232-15 to 232-18 systemd-sysv:amd64/testing *manually* upgradeable from 232-15 to 232-18 sysvinit-utils:amd64/testing *manually* upgradeable from 2.88dsf-59.8 to 2.88dsf-59.9 udev:amd64/testing *manually* upgradeable from 232-15 to 232-18 usb-modeswitch:amd64/testing 2.5.0+repack0-1 uptodate util-linux:amd64/testing 2.29.1-1 uptodate xserver-common:all/testing 2:1.19.1-4 uptodate xserver-xorg:amd64/testing 1:7.7+18 uptodate xserver-xorg-core:amd64/testing 2:1.19.1-4 uptodate xserver-xorg-input-all:amd64/testing 1:7.7+18 uptodate xserver-xorg-input-evdev:amd64/testing 1:2.10.5-1 uptodate xserver-xorg-input-libinput:amd64/testing 0.23.0-2 uptodate xserver-xorg-input-mouse:amd64/testing 1:1.9.2-1+b1 uptodate xserver-xorg-input-synaptics:amd64/testing 1.9.0-1+b1 uptodate xserver-xorg-input-wacom:amd64/testing 0.34.0-1 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-ati:amd64/testing 1:7.8.0-1+b1 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-cirrus:amd64/testing 1:1.5.3-1+b2 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-fbdev:amd64/testing 1:0.4.4-1+b5 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-intel:amd64/testing 2:2.99.917+git20161206-1 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-mach64:amd64/testing 6.9.5-1+b2 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-mga:amd64/testing 1:1.6.5-1 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-neomagic:amd64/testing 1:1.2.9-1+b2 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-nouveau:amd64/testing 1:1.0.13-1+b1 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-openchrome:amd64/testing 1:0.5.0-3 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-qxl:amd64/testing 0.1.4+20161126git4d7160c-1 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-r128:amd64/testing 6.10.2-1 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-radeon:amd64/testing 1:7.8.0-1+b1 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-savage:amd64/testing 1:2.3.9-1 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-siliconmotion:amd64/testing 1:1.7.9-1 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-sisusb:amd64/testing 1:0.9.7-1 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-tdfx:amd64/testing 1:1.4.7-1 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-trident:amd64/testing 1:1.3.8-1 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-vesa:amd64/testing 1:2.3.4-1+b2 uptodate xserver-xorg-video-vmware:amd64/testing 1:13.2.1-1+b1 uptodate 

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  • One Solution collect form web for “установка пакетов с самыми старыми зависимостями”

    Чтобы установить .deb , вы должны использовать gdebi для решения проблемы с зависимостями:

     sudo apt-get install gdebi sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 sudo aptitude update wget -O skype-install.deb http://www.skype.com/go/getskype-linux-deb sudo gdebi skype-install.deb sudo ln -s /usr/lib/mesa-diverted/i386-linux-gnu/libGL.so.1 /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/ skype 

    Источник

    Проблемы с запуском Skype

    При запуске скайпа, родного 32-битного двоичного кода, в 64-битной среде вы можете столкнуться со следующей ошибкой и Skype отказывается запускать:

     ln -s /usr/lib/mesa-diverted/i386-linux-gnu/libGL.so.1 /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/ 

    редактировать

    Удалите / прокомментируйте unstable источники из вашего /etc/apt/sources.list

    Создайте файл /etc/apt/preferences со следующим содержимым:

     Package: * Pin: release a=stable Pin-Priority: 1001 

    Бег :

     sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade sudo apt-get dist-upgrade 
    Linux и Unix - лучшая ОС в мире.